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World War 2 at Sea

 

THE SUPPLY OF MALTA 1940-1942

by the late Arnold Hague, Lieutenant Commander, RNR (Rtd) (c) 1995

 

Editing by Gordon Smith, Naval-History.Net

HMS Kingston, destroyer, lost 11 April 1942 (Navy Photos, click to enlarge)

on to Part 1

 

 

 

Dedication and Thanks

 

Arnold Hague, born 1930, carried out his National Service from 1949 as a Midshipman, Supply & Secretariat, then joined the Reserve Division in London, retiring as a Lieutenant Commander in 1979. In this time, his appointments included command of two Reserve Communications Centres and the Sea Cadet Corps in the West Midlands area.

 

His published books include “The Towns, Destroyers for Great Britain”, “Sloops 1926-1946”, “Convoy Rescue Ships”, “The Allied Convoy System 1939-1945” and co-author of “Convoys to Russia”. He was also as sub-editor of “Jane’s Fighting ships” in the late 1960’s and made numerous contributions to naval publications over the last forty years. He died in February 2006, and is much missed in naval history circles.

 

It is therefore with great pleasure that Naval-History.Net, through the good offices of Arnold’s close friend and collaborator, Don Kindell and with the kind permission of his wife, Gill Hague (also a former Reserve Officer), hosts his unpublished and invaluable work on the WS convoys.

 

As with all of Arnold’s work, primary official sources were the key and this work is no exception, relying as it does on Official Admiralty War Diaries, narratives, and convoy reports, Lloyds ship movement cards, etc. 

Photographs are courtesy of David Page of NavyPhotos (NP). My thanks to him and his contributors.

 

     
click for PART 1
     
 

Introduction

Support of Malta during the siege

Methods of supply

 

The convoys of 1940

 

The convoys of 1941, including:

Operation EXCESS

Operation TIGER

Operation SUBSTANCE

 

 

Operations MINCEMEAT, HALBERD

 

The convoys of 1942, including:

Operation HARPOON

Operation VIGOROUS

Operation PEDESTAL

Operation STONEAGE

Operation PORTCULLIS

Operation QUADRANGLE

 

 
click for PART 2
     
 

Unescorted merchant ships, including:

Operation TEMPLE

Operation PROPELLER

Operation ASTROLOGER

Operation CRUPPER

 

Supply of aircraft to Malta by RN

Operations HURRY & COAT

Operations WHITE & WINCH

Operations DUNLOP & SPLICE

Operations ROCKET & TRACER

 

 

Supply of aircraft (continued)

Operations RAILWAY I & II

Operations STATUS I & II

Operations CALLBOY & PERPETUAL

Operations SPOTTER I, II & PICKET I

Operations PICKET II & CALENDAR 48

Operation BOWERY

Operations LB, STYLE & SALIENT

Operations PINPOINT & INSECT

Operations BELLOWS, BARITONE & TRAIN

 

 
click for PART 3
     
 

Supply of Malta by air

 

Supply of Malta by surface warships

 

Supply of Malta by submarines

Submarine store passages in 1940/41

Submarine store passages in 1942

 

 

 

Chronology of Malta Operations 1940-1942

 

Warship losses

 

Merchant ship losses

 

on to Part 1

revised 4/12/10


 

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